How do I write a will? is one of the top 10 questions I hear from you in the hundreds and hundreds of emails (many still unanswered, sorry!) sitting in my inbox. So, here is a quick compilation of your most frequently asked ‘Wills’ questions, and a summarized mash-up of my responses. These are the very basics to get you started…now, GO!
I’m filling out your template, and I have a question: can I write one will for my husband and myself together?
…we have a unique situation because we are not married (and do not intend to get married).”
Your sample will document refers multiple times to Washington State law, but what if you don’t live in Washington?
I’m wondering about laws governing wills, etc in various states.
I just wondered if there was a resource for other states with template-style documents like you have posted.
Legal Documents you need, in a nutshell:
A Will: A state-specific, legally binding ‘who-gets-what’ after you die from guardianship of children/pets to financial assets and your family heirlooms. Also, sometimes Trusts (more below).
Power of Attorney (POA): Legal specification of who is in charge of certain things like your executing your Will, Money, Medical choices, Guardianship, etc. Also, digital rights (more below).
Living Will: also called Advanced Directives, these are your end of life wishes, essentially where and how you prefer to die and clear instructions your Medical POA can follow if you cannot advocate for yourself.
How to get it done, the main three options I found:
1) Hire a lawyer
2) Online template or software
3) Do it Yourself
Where do you find these?
Word-of-mouth is often the best way to find a lawyer (get references). Also, resources and article links with tips to get it done are on the Wills page or check out online options at LegalZoom.
Can I just fill in the template on your site? Probably not a good idea, but it can be a helpful reference – the Will in the Templates section to download is one a lawyer drew up for me, specific to Washington State – I made it a more generic and posted as reference to see the language and the type of info you’ll need to complete yours. It is not intended to be a one-size-fits all doc.
Yes!, don’t feel like an asshole that you don’t have this done yet – over half of America is in the same boat. So, get over it and stop procrastinating and hand-wringing, and just. get. it. done. It only takes a few hours!!!
What’s a Power of Attorney, again?. Who you name as POA is important as they need to be trusted and capable of executing your Will. If you think you should name xxyyxx, but they actually suck at numbers or cave under a little stress, pick someone else. You can name many different people for different roles (Executive, Financial, Medical, Guardianship), and/or others for oversight. Also, name back-ups.
A newer addition to this legal rodeo is a Digital POA, this is important. Digital assets are not always protected by your State law and there isn’t anything yet Federally. So, it takes an extra, 3-minute step. It is crazy, but absolutely true that your online assets (email, shopping, photos, music library, etc.) are not treated the same as the lamp in your living room. So, avoid hassle and potentially losing this stuff by:
#1 – Write down passwords and account info to all your Digital accounts and let one or two people know how to get it.
#2 – Make sure you have a Digital POA specified as they’ll have better legal ownership rights, just in case. The GYST POA template has sample, lawyer-approved, language.
State Laws decide. Laws vary widely on how this stuff works, each State determines what is legally sound and binding, and how probate works. If you die without a will (called dying intestate) it is completely up to them what happens to your stuff/assets/house – often they start with a spouse, to dependents, to parents, etc… but, other complicating factors often arise; Epic family court battles? Loving memorial? You can decide.
Trusts are often set up and included in a Will as they are an additional measure to make probate faster/cheaper and get your assets more quickly into the hands of who you want to have them, again, they vary from state-by-state. For example, I have heard Washington State has a pretty uncomplicated process as compared to California. Always, do your research – these guys do a nice overview of Trusts.
How specific does a Living Will get? The more specific the better as the goal of this document is for you to tell us what you want – your Directives to us, in Advance. Saying, I don’t want to be a vegetable - is not Direct. You get to tell us what your line is so we can advocate for you, when you do not then we have to guess and wonder/worry if we did the right thing or realize too late the line was already long-ago crossed. Links and templates here.
What is the best way? It totally depends on your situation. Those of you who want to do it yourself, you are legally entitled to (and every lawyer will warn you not to). However, in any case – please do your research and make sure you understand the lay of the land, that your will is legally binding per the laws of your state. And, if you can afford a lawyer (make sure it is a good one) then why not, or, if you are able pay $50 or so for a basic will online and that is your budget, then awesome.
Good luck y’all – Onward and Upward!
ps – I am soooo not a lawyer, never played one on t.v. or even entertained the idea of going to law school. So, this is what I learned, and I hope it helps. But, that’s just what I think, it’s your life, so make the best choice for yourself!